Gamma Putty shielding effect in megavoltage photon beam
Purpose: Traditionally, lead and Cerrobend have been employed for field shaping in radiation therapy. Lately, another shielding material called Gamma Putty has emerged. The objective of this report is to examine its dosimetric and shielding characteristics in megavoltage photon beam.
Methods: All measurements were carried out in a dual energy linac. Data were collected using a calibrated ionization chamber. Percent transmission, linear attenuation, and field size dependence were evaluated for open square fields (4 × 4 cm2 to 10 × 10 cm2) defined by collimator jaws and for different Gamma Putty thicknesses (t = 0, 0.3, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 cm) at 6 and 18 MV photon beams. The measurements were performed both in air using appropriate acrylic buildup cap and in solid water.
Results: The Gamma Putty tray factor (GPTF) increased steadily with field size for both 6 and 18 MV. It was characterized by a half value thickness (HVT) of 2.513 ± 0.101 and 2.855 ± 0.024 cm for 6 and 18 MV, respectively. The reduction in surface dose was about 6%, 14.5%, 22%, 36.37%, and 54% for 6 MV and 2.75 %, 9.36 %, 16.25 %, 28.95 %, and 44.47 % for 18 MV for Gamma Putty thicknesses of 0.3, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 cm.
Conclusion: The result of Gamma Putty shielding on the photon beam output increases with thickness, beam energy, and field size. Therefore, clinical use of Gamma Putty tray factors should be tailored for all thicknesses, beam energies, and field sizes.
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